In chapter 1, the author (Malcolm) argues that success, occasionally is found in parable of rag to riches- instead there is glisten of talent noticed ,and then there is a big break to the individual (and not the rest). That give the gifted individual time and access to equipment, coaches etc. to better his/her prowess, therefore noticeably magnifying the variation between those without opportunity and those with.
Malcolm explains his point based on school Canadian hockey players, the suitability cutoff for the age-class hockey is1st January. Thus, a child older could be playing against a child a year younger than him, which gives an upper hand to physical maturity. This is even more convincing, when he presents a roster of Czechoslovakian National Junior soccer team (2007) - the winners that year. There were 21 names on the list: one born in September, one born in August, two in June, one in May, three in March, and six in both February and January.
I believe in this theory since it grounds that backs it up. Malcolm employs Roger Barnsley (Canadian psychologist) case to back his point. Roger identified the relative ages of hockey players (Canadian) reasoning that dividing the gifted at an early age and giving them thorough training- the system twists towards children born closer to cutoff date.
I think that cut-off dates have some weight if at all we would like to rip the highest amount of success in the society. We should abort the conviction of subjective merit and subdivide the activities we participate in as group – be it games or studies- based on birth- months.
Chapter 2 looks at various areas from music, business through sport, to music there is probably a magical number of 10000- the amount of time ‘masters’ of their selected fields have put in. Malcolm take us through 10000hour, a theory states that 10,000 hour is the amount of focused practice time it takes for an individual to become guru at a field and thus become successful.
He backs his point relying on a research carried out in the 90s by K. Anders Ericsson. In the research, Ericsson and his counterparts evaluated the long-term rehearsing habits of musicians at musical academy in Berlin. Although many of the musicians started playing at the age of five, those acknowledged the best in the academy have invested 10000 hours in practicing by the age of 20. Those who were average had invested 8000 hours and those who were below average had invested about 4000 hours.
I think Malcolm’s argument is true- for one to make in his/her field there is need for devotion and time investment. I believe in his study because he goes further and backs his point with K. Anders Ericsson’s study and relevant cases of the Beatles, Bill Joy and Bill gates. They all invested up to 10000 hours of their time in their various fields. The theory, when employed, can result to a very productive society.